Two-Spirit (also Two Spirit, two spirit, and twospirit) is an umbrella term adopted in 1990 referring to North American Indigenous people who embody both masculine and feminine spirits. Two-Spirit is used by Indigenous peoples to describe their gender, sexuality, and spiritual identity. Its abbreviation is 2S as seen in LGBTQ2S+. Indigiqueer is another term sometimes used to refer to the Two-Spirit identity.
Many indigenous terms exist to refer to identities outside of the Western gender binary. Here are some examples along with their definitions:
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