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Citation and Reference Management

Chicago Style

Chicago style is mostly used in the arts, humanities, social sciences. It has two different systems:

  1. The notes-bibliography system, which includes footnotes or endnotes for specific citations and a bibliography at the end of the paper.
  2. The author-date system, which includes parenthetical in-text citations and a reference list at the end of the paper.

If you aren't sure which system to use, check with your course instructor.

Chicago Style Guides

Complete Manual

Turabian Style

Turabian style is a student- and researcher-oriented version of Chicago style. The two manuals have some differences (e.g., formatting a paper), but the citation styles are the same. If you need to cite sources in Turabian style, you can also use the Chicago citation guides.

Turabian Style Guide

Complete Manual