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APA Citation Style (7th Edition)


Journal article with up to and including 20 authors 

  • print or in a library database, with no DOI

Crawford, M., & Witte, M. (1999). Strategies for mathematics: Teaching in context. Educational Leadership, 57(3), 34-38.

  • with a DOI

Olsson, C. A., Bond, L., Burns, J. M., Vella-Brokrick, D. A., & Sawyer, S. M. (2003). Adolescent resilience: A concept analysis. Journal of Adolescence, 26(1), 1-11.

  • on a website with no DOI

Robinson, D. B., & Randall, L. (2016). Smooth sailing or stormy seas? Atlantic Canadian physical educators on the state and future of physical education. Canadian Journal Of Education, 39(1), 1-31.

  • advance online publication

Fairley, M., Humphreys, K., & Joyce, V. R. (2021). Cost-effectiveness of treatments for opioid use disorder. JAMA Psychiatry. Advance online publication.

(APA Publication Manual, 2020, pp. 316-318)

Magazine article 

  • print or in a library database, with no DOI

 Grey, C. (1992, September).  Childhood immunizations. Chatelaine, 65(9), 38.

  • on a website

MacDonald, N. (2008, June 9). A School of one's own: A B.C. student's quest to get young Afghan girls like her educated. Maclean's.

(APA Publication Manual, 2020, p. 320)

Book review (in a magazine)

Goodman, A. L. (1951, July 16). Mad about children [Review of the book Catcher in the rye, by J.D. Salinger]. New Republic, 125(3), 20-21. 

(APA Publication Manual, 2020, pp. 334-335)
Paper presentation

Johnson, C. J. (2007, April). Alaskan fauna: Grizzlies in the parks [Paper presentation]. Annual meeting of the Sierra Club, Seattle, WA, United States.

(APA Publication Manual, 2020, p. 332)
ERIC document

Mamaril, N. J. A., & Royal, K. D. (2008). Women and minorities in engineering: A review of the literature (ED506512) ERIC.

(APA Publication Manual, 2020, pp. 296-297 & 337)

DOIs and URLs

(See sections 9.34 to 9.36 of the APA Publication Manual, 7th ed.)

DOI or URL shorteners

It is acceptable to use the shortDOI service or a URL shortening service to shorten long links.
Always double check your links to make sure they go to the right location.

(See section 9.36 of the APA Publication Manual, 7th ed.)