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APA Citation Style

General Web Resources

Blog post

Trompstein, J. (2008, January 21). Re: The future of the world [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://blogland.com/the_future.php

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.215)

Wiki entry

Renaissance (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.205)

Informally published or archived information

Smith, J. (2008, October). Child development: Motor skills in early infancy [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://vista4.srv.ualberta.ca/webct/urw/...

(Publication Manual, 2010, pp.212-14)

Email Communications

Cite these as "personal communications." Because a reader cannot access the original personal communication, this category of source is not included in the reference list.

Cite personal communications in text only. Give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide as exact a date as possible.

T. K. Lutes (personal communication, April 18, 2001)

(V.-G. Nguyen, personal communication, September 28, 1998)

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.179)

Facebook Post

H. T. Coutts Education Library. (2012, May 24). Is a deskless classroom the way of the future? [Facebook update]. Retreived from http://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?id=198282776911913&story_fbid=414938651873581

Tweet

CouttsLibrary. (2012, May 24). Is a deskless classroom the way of the future? fb.me/1JZWyrYZr [Twitter post]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/CouttsLibrary/status/205691881005395968

Note: To cite an entire Facebook or Twitter feed, rather than a single post, simply include the feed URL (ex.http://www.facebook.com/CouttsLibrary) in brackets within the text of your paper. No reference list entry is required.

Webpage

2Learn.ca Education Society. (2009). Canada's first peoples: A cultural appreciation.  Retrieved from http://www.gateways2learning.ca/CFP/

Note: To cite a website as a whole, simply include the URL in brackets within the text of your paper. No reference list entry is required.

What about: bit.ly or tinyurl links?

As of September 17, 2012, according to a post on the APA Style facebook page: 'There is no offical policy.  In practice, we haven't been using them in our [APA] journals, though."

When do I use a retrieval date?

Only include a retrieval date if you cannot find a fixed date of publication or if the electronic content seems likely to be changed, updated, or removed.

University of Alberta Libraries - University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2R3 - We are located on Treaty 6 / M├ętis Territory.