Trompstein, J. (2008, January 21). Re: The future of the world [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://blogland.com/the_future.php
(Publication Manual, 2010, p.215)
Renaissance (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance
(Publication Manual, 2010, p.205)
Informally published or archived information
Smith, J. (2008, October). Child development: Motor skills in early infancy [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://vista4.srv.ualberta.ca/webct/urw/...
(Publication Manual, 2010, pp.212-14)
Cite these as "personal communications." Because a reader cannot access the original personal communication, this category of source is not included in the reference list.
Cite personal communications in text only. Give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide as exact a date as possible.
T. K. Lutes (personal communication, April 18, 2001)
(V.-G. Nguyen, personal communication, September 28, 1998)
(Publication Manual, 2010, p.179)
H. T. Coutts Education Library. (2012, May 24). Is a deskless classroom the way of the future? [Facebook update]. Retreived from http://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?id=198282776911913&story_fbid=414938651873581
CouttsLibrary. (2012, May 24). Is a deskless classroom the way of the future? fb.me/1JZWyrYZr [Twitter post]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/CouttsLibrary/status/205691881005395968
Note: To cite an entire Facebook or Twitter feed, rather than a single post, simply include the feed URL (ex.http://www.facebook.com/CouttsLibrary) in brackets within the text of your paper. No reference list entry is required.
2Learn.ca Education Society. (2009). Canada's first peoples: A cultural appreciation. Retrieved from http://www.gateways2learning.ca/CFP/
Note: To cite a website as a whole, simply include the URL in brackets within the text of your paper. No reference list entry is required.
Only include a retrieval date if you cannot find a fixed date of publication or if the electronic content seems likely to be changed, updated, or removed.