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APA Citation Style

Books, chapters, and other longer works

Authored book

Ayers, H. (1998). Classroom management: A practical approach for primary and secondary teachers. London, England: Fulton.

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.202)

Electronic Books and Chapters

If the book or book chapter you are citing is from an ebook rather than a print publication, simply follow the above citation format but replace the publication information with the DOI or URL, like so:

Janssen, E. (2007). The psychophysiology of sex. Retrieved from

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.203)

Chapter in an edited book

Cohen, D. K., & Barnes, C. A. (1993). Pedagogy and policy. In D. K. Cohen, M. W. McLaughlin, & J. E. Talbert (Eds.),Teaching for understanding: Challenges for policy and practice (pp. 207-239). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.204)

Chapter/Entry in a reference book (no author)

Portugal. (2007).  In J. J. Arnett (Ed.), International encyclopedia of adolescence (Vol. 2, pp.795-812). New York, NY: Routlege.

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.204)

Translated Book

Bolano, R. (2012). The savage detectives (N. Wimmer, Trans.). London: Picador. (Original work published 1998).

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.204)


Republic of Guinea, Ministry of the Economy, Finances and Planning. (2008). Guinea: Poverty reduction strategy (PRSP-2/2007-2010). Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.

(Publication Manual, 2010, p.206)

Conference Proceedings

Van Sertima, I. (Ed.) (1985). Nile Valley civilizations: Proceedings of the Nile Valley Conference, Atlanta, Sept. 26-30. New Brunswick, N.J.: Journal of African Civilizations.

(Publication Manual, 2010, pp.206-7)



Doctoral dissertation (print)

Dunn, S. T. M. (2009). Upstanders: Student experiences of intervening to stop bullying (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Dissertation (Online)

Figueredo, L. (2006). Children's use of the spell checker during the composing process  (Doctoral dissertation).  Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (AAT NR23026)

(Publication Manual, 2010, pp.205-6)



Citing Secondary Sources

On occasion, you may wish to refer to an author's work that is mentioned in a source which is not the author's original.  Name the original author in the in-text citation, followed by (as cited in secondary source, date).  

For example, if you want to cite Smith's idea, which you read about in Jones' book... you would provide an in-text citation for Smith's study (Smith, as cited in Jones, 2002). In the reference list, include a reference only for the Jones' book, which is the secondary source where you found your information.

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