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APA Citation Style (7th Edition)

Programs of Study

Alberta Education. (2007). Social studies kindergarten to grade 12 (Grade 6) [Program of studies].

In text: (Alberta Education, 2007)


Alberta Education. (2016). Mathematics kindergarten to grade 9 [Program of studies].

In text:  (Alberta Education, 2016)

Lesson Plans

If a lesson plan does not credit an author and has no date, follow this format:

Title [description -- APA Style uses square brackets to describe works other than typical scholarly sources]. (n.d.). Source.

This format is adapted from the "Webpage with no known author" and "Webpage with no date" examples in the APA Citation Style QuickGuide.


Art 20, social studies 20, treaty perspectives [Sample lesson plan]. (n.d.). Learn Alberta. Retrieved December 7, 2020, from

Kits, objects, toys, etc.

Reading rods fluency & comprehension kit (Level 1) [Kit]. (n.d.). Vernon Hills, IL: Learning Resources.

Inflatable geometric shapes [Manipulatives]. (n.d.). Vernon Hills, IL: Learning Resources.

Wolf in sheep's clothing stage puppet [Toy]. (2010). Emeryville, CA: Folkmanis, Inc.

Organizations are authors too!

The "author" of resources such as reports or websites can be an organization or governing body (such as a government department). In these cases, the organization is the author and should be listed as such in your final citation.

When do I use a retrieval date?

An online retrieval date is only required for an unarchived source that is likely to change, such as a Twitter profile or Facebook page, or a webpage with no date. 

(See section 9.16 of the APA Publication Manual, 7th ed.)