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APA Citation Style (7th Edition)

Programs of Study

Reference example:

Alberta Education. (2007). Social studies kindergarten to grade 12 (Grade 6) [Program of studies].

In-text citation, parenthetical: (Alberta Education, 2007)
In-text citation, narrative: Alberta Education (2007)


Reference example:

Alberta Education. (2016). Mathematics kindergarten to grade 9 [Program of studies].

In-text citation, parenthetical:  (Alberta Education, 2016)
In-text citation, narrative: Alberta Education (2016)

Lesson Plans

If a lesson plan does not credit an author and has no date, follow this format:

Title [description -- APA Style uses square brackets to describe works other than typical scholarly sources]. (n.d.). Source.

This format is adapted from the "Webpage with no known author" and "Webpage with no date" examples in the APA Citation Style QuickGuide.

Reference example:

Art 20, social studies 20, treaty perspectives [Sample lesson plan]. (n.d.). Learn Alberta. Retrieved December 7, 2020, from

In-text citation, parenthetical: (Art 20, social studies 20, treaty perspectives, n.d.)
In-text citation, narrative: Art 20, social studies 20, treaty perspectives (n.d.)

Children’s Book with Illustrator

To cite a book with an illustrator, list the illustrator in parentheses following the book's title.

Reference example:

Robertson, D. A. (2021). On the trapline (J. Flett, Illus.). Tundra Books.

In-text citation, parenthetical: (Robertson, 2021)
In-text citation, narrative: Robertson (2021)

See APA Style's Children’s Book or Other Illustrated Book References for examples on citing a book with the author as illustrator, and the anniversary edition of a book. 

Organizations are authors too!

The "author" of resources such as reports or websites can be an organization or governing body (such as a government department). In these cases, the organization is the author and should be listed as such in your reference list entry and in-text citations.

When do I use a retrieval date?

An online retrieval date is only required for an unarchived source that is likely to change, such as a Twitter profile or Facebook page, or a webpage with no date. 

(See section 9.16 of the APA Publication Manual, 7th ed.)

Kits, objects, toys, etc.


Reading rods fluency & comprehension kit (Level 1) [Kit]. (n.d.). Vernon Hills, IL: Learning Resources.


Inflatable geometric shapes [Manipulatives]. (n.d.). Vernon Hills, IL: Learning Resources.


Wolf in sheep's clothing stage puppet [Toy]. (2010). Emeryville, CA: Folkmanis, Inc.